GUMPS is a very popular acronym that is commonly used by retractable aircraft pilots as a type of mental checklist.
Not only does it help to ensure that they have not forgotten anything important before landing, but this acronym is recognized as being an effective guideline to ensuring nothing critical has been missed.
For this reason, GUMPS is included in all flight school curriculums, many aircraft magazines, as well as being recommended within all FAA publications.
Wondering what the checklist actually means, though? GUMPS stands for the following:
- G - Gas (this includes anything from the fuel pump being turned on, whether the fuel pressure is set at a positive rating, as well as whether or not the proper tank has all the fuel it needs).
- U - Undercarriage (this point mainly focuses on ensuring that all landing gear is down).
- M - Mixture (whether or not the fuel mixture set has been checked)
- P - Propeller (whether or not the propellers have been checked)
- S - Seat belts and switches (this point is to remind the pilots to fasten their seatbelts, as well as alerting the passengers that they need to do the same.)
What acronym do pilots use?
Pilots actually use a variety of different acronyms, especially in the cockpit while in-flight.
Here are some of the most common general acronyms used by pilots:
- PIC - This stands for Pilot in Command, which is the pilot who is responsible for the operation of the aircraft during the flight.
- ATC - This stands for Air Traffic Control, which is a service that works with pilots mainly during the flight to help ensure the aircraft is safe and steers clear of any traffic in the sky.
- SIC - This stands for Second in Command, who is the pilot that is responsible for taking over the control of the aircraft if the PIC commands them to do so.
- FBO - This stands for Fixed Base Operator, who is the supplier of the flight training, maintenance, and fuel while the aircraft is stationed at the airport.
Here are some of the most common operational acronyms used by pilots:
- VFR - This stands for Visual Flight Rules, which are the guidelines for flights that are flown entirely by using references to visual cues.
- IFR - This stands for Instrument Flight Rules, which are the guidelines for flights that operate under conditions where it’s not safe or possible to fly by only using Visual references (such as while flying through a cloud, for instance).
- VMC - This stands for Visual Meteorological Conditions, which is used to describe when an aircraft is able to fly under VFR due to good weather conditions that allow for optimum visibility.
- IMC - This stands for Instrument Meteorological Conditions, which is used to describe when an aircraft needs to switch to flying under IFR by using in-flight instruments to help ‘see’, due to poor weather conditions that result in low visibility from simply looking out of the window.
- AVGAS - This stands for Aviation Gasoline, which is the Piston aircraft fuel.
- ATD - This stands for Actual Time of Departure.
- ETD - This stands for Estimated Time of Departure.
- ATA - This stands for Actual Time of Arrival.
- ETA - This stands for Estimated Time of Arrival.
What does Cigar mean in aviation?
Aircraft pilots have been coming up with clever reminders and memory joggers for many years in order to make sure that they don’t forget something critical to the smooth runnings of the aircraft, and the safety of all those who are on board. CIGAR or CIGARS is a frequently used acronym by aviation pilots as a checklist, to make sure that they do not forget anything important before takeoff.
It stands for the following:
- C - Controls
- I - Instruments
- G - Gas
- A - Airplane Secure
- R - Run-Up
- S - Safety
Though this particular acronym is not used by all pilots or taught in all flight school programs, the CIGAR checklist is still an extremely effective tool to ensure that all of the basic yet critical checks have been completed prior to the plan departing.
Many pilots who fly commercially like to employ this checklist when a complete runup isn’t required, such as planning to immediately travel back for another takeoff after landing in the designated airport.
What well-known acronym is used by pilots prior to taking off?
As we’re sure you’re already aware, pilots use a great variety of different memory aids both before, during, and after landing to ensure optimum safety. There are so many acronyms, in fact, that it would likely take an entire career to have heard them all, at which point we’re sure that plenty more will have been made!
Despite this, there is a very well-known acronym that is used by pilots across the world prior to taking off, and this acronym is known as CIGAR, which stands for Controls, Instruments, Gas, Airplane Secure (or Attitude), and Run-Up.
Before a pilot can even think about heading to the flight runway and soaring into the sky, they will first need to complete a series of checks outlined in the CIGAR acronym, that helps to ensure that all necessary checks have been made and that nothing critically important has been forgotten or left behind.
By following this well-known acronym, pilots will be able to first double-check that all of the controls and instruments are all working properly. After completing this step, the pilot will then go on to check whether or not there is enough fuel to be able to carry the aircraft to its intended destination.
After doing this, then the pilot will be able to check that the proper pitch and trim has been set, before moving on to the runup, which is a series of last minute tests performed by the pilot or aircraft mechanic, to ensure that there are no issues to the engine or other parts of the aircraft.
The final step will then be to complete all safety procedures, including closing doors, canopies and ensuring that everyone has their seatbelts fastened.